The marae

  • Hui- a meeting of any kind, conference, gathering
  • Marae- the area for formal discourse in front of a meeting house or applied to a whole marae complex, including meeting house, dining hall, forecourt, etc.
  • Haere mai- Welcome! Enter!
  • Nau mai- Welcome!
  • Tangihanga- funeral ceremonies, when body is mourned on a marae
  • Tangi- short for the above or to cry, to mourn
  • Karanga- the ceremony of calling to the guests to welcome them to enter the marae
  • Manuhiri- guests, visitors
  • Tangata whenua- original people belonging to a place, local people, hosts
  • Whaikōrero- the art and practice of speech making
  • Kaikōrero- or kaiwhai kōrero speaker
  • Haka- chant with dance for the purpose of challenge;
  • Waiata- song or chant which follows speech
  • Koha- gift, present
  • Whare nui- meeting house; in writing this is sometimes run together as one word – wharenui
  • Whare whakairo- carved meeting house
  • Whare kai- dining hall
  • Whare paku- lavatory, toilet
  • Whare horoi- ablution block, bathroom

Concepts

  • Aroha compassion, tenderness, sustaining love
  • Ihi power, authority, essential force
  • Mana authority, power; secondary meaning: reputation, influence
  • Manaakitanga respect for hosts or kindness to guests, to entertain, to look after
  • Mauri hidden essential life force or a symbol of this
  • Noa safe from tapu, non-sacred, not tabooed
  • Raupatu confiscate, take by force
  • Rohe boundary, a territory of an iwi or hapū
  • Taihoa to delay, to wait, to hold off to allow maturation of plans, etc.
  • Tapu sacred, not to be touched, to be avoided because sacred, taboo
  • Tiaki to care for, look after, guard (kaitiaki – guardian, trustee)
  • Taonga treasured possessions or cultural items, anything precious
  • Tino rangatiratanga the highest possible independent chiefly authority, paramount authority, sometimes used for sovereignty
  • Tūrangawaewae a place to stand, a place to belong to, a seat or location of identity
  • Wehi to be held in awe
  • Whakapapa genealogy, to recite genealogy, to establish kin connections
  • Whenua land, homeland, country; also afterbirth, placenta

People and their groups

  • Ariki person of high inherited rank from senior lines of descent, male or female
  • Hapū clan, tribe, independent section of a people; modern usage – sub-tribe; to be born
  • Iwi people, nation; modern usage – tribe; bones
  • Kaumātua elder or elders, senior people in a kin group
  • Ngāi Tātou a way of referring to everyone present – we all
  • Pākehā this word is not an insult; its derivation is obscure; it is the Māori word for people living in New Zealand of British/European origin; originally it would not have included, for example, Dalmatians, Italians, Greeks, Indians, Chinese, etc.
  • Rangatira person of chiefly rank, boss, owner
  • Tama son, young man, youth
  • Tamāhine daughter
  • Tamaiti one child
  • Tamariki children
  • Tāne man, husband, men, husbands
  • Teina/taina junior relative, younger brother of a brother, younger sister of a sister
  • Tipuna/tupuna ancestor
  • Tuahine sister of a man
  • Tuakana senior relative, older brother of a brother, older sister of a sister
  • Tungāne brother of a sister
  • Wahine woman, wife (wāhine women, wives)
  • Waka canoe, canoe group (all the iwi and hapū descended from the crew of a founding waka)
  • Whāngai fostered or adopted child, young person
  • Whānau extended or non-nuclear family
  • Whanaunga kin, relatives

Components of place names

Ordinary geographical features such as hills, rivers, cliffs, streams, mountains, the coast and adjectives describing them, such as small, big, little and long, are to be found in many place names. Here is a list so you can recognise them:
  • Au current
  • Awa river
  • Iti small, little
  • Kai one of the meanings of kai is food; in a place name it signifies a place where a particular food source was plentiful, e.g., Kaikōura, the place where crayfish (kōura) abounded and were eaten
  • Mānia plain
  • Manga stream
  • Maunga mountain
  • Moana sea, or large inland 'sea', e.g., Taupō
  • Motu island
  • Nui large, big
  • One sand, earth
  • Pae ridge, range
  • Papa flat
  • Poto short
  • Puke hill
  • Roa long
  • Roto lake; inside
  • Tai coast, tide
  • Wai water
  • Whanga harbour, bay

Greetings



Body parts